To demonstrate the process of radicalization within the prison environment, which will be termed radicalogenesis, in analogy to the concept of criminogenesis. If the latter focuses on the pre-criminal situation, in order to study that which incites a subject to criminal activity, in our study of radicalogenesis, we will focus on the post-criminal situation in order to tease out the steps by which an incarcerated subject might become radicalized.
Analyzing the literature on the process of radicalization and on criminogenesis; combining this with the methodology of clinical reflection in the context of six years of psychological/psychotherapeutic work with detainees in French prisons.
The results taken from the work with detainees caught up in a process of radicalization, and combined with the review of literature, show that the prison environment can facilitate radicalization through a process whereby the identity of an individual is made more fragile following the criminal act that lead to incarceration – an act that is sometimes traumatic for the perpetrator.
Having summarized, in table form, the different theories of radicalization, and discussed their points of convergence and divergence, we describe four phases of radicalogenesis: weakening of identity, disidentification, conversion and re-identification, radicalization. We want to emphasize that this process is singular and depends on the subjective structure of the subject becoming radicalized.
We reiterate the importance of psychological/psychotherapeutic support within prisons, particularly for the most fragile individuals, and those made more fragile by their acting-out. Without this support, the individual risks becoming radicalized in her/his quest for a new point of identification, as a means of survival.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Radicalization, Genesis, Criminality, Process, Prison
|☆|| Any reference to this article must mention: Tiscini G. and Lamote T,. The Process of Radicalization in the Prison Environment: From Criminogenesis to Radicalogenesis. Evol psychiatr 2019; 84(3): pages (for the paper version) or URL [date of visit] (for the online version).
|☆☆|| Translated by Emily Lechner, clinical psychologist. 118, avenue du Général-Leclerc 75014 Paris, France (firstname.lastname@example.org).