The primary objective of the study was to optimize micropatterning environments using the microchannel flowed plasma process for controlling the orientation and behaviour of skeletal muscle cells. We have studied the cellular patterning and alignment of skeletal myoblast cells on the various micropattern widths developed on glass substrates.
Materials and Methods
In this method, we have utilized the microchannel flowed plasma process to create micropatterned self-assembled monolayers of octadecyltrichlorosilane and 3-aminopropyltrichlorosilane for creating cell adhesive widths of 20, 200 and 1000 microns on the glass substrates. The micropatterned substrates were characterized by using fluorescein 5(6)-isothiocyanate. Thereafter, the substrates were used to culture and pattern C2C12 and primary rat skeletal muscle cells. Further, we have studied the spatiotemporal variation in the orientation of the cells by using bright field and fluorescence microscopy. The microscopic images were analysed by using orientation order parameter and orientation distribution analysis.
FITC based characterization of micropatterns reveals that the adopted process for micropatterning can effectively create cell adhesive widths with dimensions comparable to the diameter of myofiber. Microscopic observations and the orientation order parameter analysis reveal the precise alignment and specific orientation of myoblasts along the designated cell adhesive widths that closely mimics the physiological scenario. Both the cells showed immediate alignment within smaller cell adhesive widths of 20 and 200 μm. Actin cytoskeletal staining and its orientation distribution analysis of micropattrned C2C12 cells emphasises the influence of micropatterned environment on cytoskeletal actin orientation.
This study corroborates the alignment of the myoblasts using surface cues facilitated by changing surface chemistry of the glass substrates. The study promotes the application of a simple micropatterning technique as a useful tool to regulate the orientation and behaviour of skeletal muscle cells. Also, the study emphasizes the role of spatial topography created by surface modification and its effect on cell adhesion and communication of alignment information across the micropatterns. The microchannel flowed plasma process could be applied to selectively pattern different adherent cell types, which could prove to be a useful platform for the exploration of various cellular processes.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Micro flowed plasma process enables cell micropatterning.
Micropatterning of primary and secondary myoblasts leads to gradual alignment of the cells.
Orientation order parameter (OOP) values nearing 1 confirm the alignment of myoblasts under micropatterned conditions.
The micropatterning process influences the orientation of actin cytoskeleton in myoblasts.
The myoblast alignment information propagates from boundaries of micropatterns to the centre.
Keywords : Micropatterning, Alkylsilanes, Primary skeletal muscle myoblasts, C2C12 mouse myoblasts, Alignment and orientation analysis