SAE and SSAE architecture is proposed for BCI P300 speller.
In this work, deep features and temporal features are fused together.
EWANN classifier is used for classification.
It provides better and competitive character recognition performance.
In this paper, a brain-computer interface (BCI) system for character recognition is proposed based on the P300 signal. A P300 speller is used to spell the word or character without any muscle movement. P300 detection is the first step to detect the character from the electroencephalogram (EEG) signal. The character is recognized from the detected P300 signal. In this paper, sparse autoencoder (SAE) and stacked sparse autoencoder (SSAE) based feature extraction methods are proposed for P300 detection. This work also proposes a fusion of deep-features with the temporal features for P300 detection. A SSAE technique extracts high-level information about input data. The combination of SSAE features with the temporal features provides abstract and temporal information about the signal. An ensemble of weighted artificial neural network (EWANN) is proposed for P300 detection to minimize the variation among different classifiers. To provide more importance to the good classifier for final classification, a higher weightage is assigned to the better performing classifier. These weights are calculated from the cross-validation test. The model is tested on two different publicly available datasets, and the proposed method provides better or comparable character recognition performance than the state-of-the-art methods.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Brain-computer interface, Deep learning, P300, Sparse autoencoder, Stacked sparse autoencoder