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The authors attempt to bring to light certain psychic mechanisms that make sense of death, in particular through objects of high symbolic value that act as links between the dead and the living.
This clinical article draws upon an heuristic methodology. We compare the analysis of a situation involving antenatal death, paradigmatic of grief that risks becoming pathological, and that of the artistic creation of the visual artist Michel Nedjar, in connection with the Jewish genocide.
The psychological working-through of the loss of a loved one carries with it significant psychopathological risks. If, in many case, the funeral rites (religious or secular), and the support of relatives and of the community provide the mourners with a framework for a grieving process that allows them to live with the loss (and not to not live without the deceased), some particularly traumatic situations preclude access to non-pathological mourning.
The authors will question the exclusivity of the Freudian model of Mourning and Melancholia by drawing upon the Winnicottian theoretical model of transitional phenomena to illuminate the psychic processes at work.
The creativity at play in these two situations contains a certain distinction: sublimation for the artist, a resurgence of transitional phenomena for the bereaved individual.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Mourning, Creation, Object, Perinatal, Transitional phenomena, Art
|☆|| Translated by Emily Lechner, clinical psychologist. 118, avenue du Général Leclerc 75014 Paris, France (firstname.lastname@example.org).
|☆☆|| Any reference to this article must mention: Cognet A, Masson C. Souviens-toi. Processus de deuil, processus de création. Evol psychiatr 2020;84(4): pages (for the paper version) or URL [date of visit] (for the online version).