With the development of hip arthroscopy (HA), a shift away from surgical hip dislocation(SHD) is becoming a noticeable reality. It was the aim of this study to examine whether SHD provides a benefit over HA regarding its corrective power in the treatment of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI).
It was hypothesized that SHD provides the more powerful tool for acetabular correction in FAI surgery compared to HA.
The examined cohort consisted of 85 hips of which 31 (36%) underwent a high degree of acetab-ular correction which was defined as a correction of >2 standard deviations from the population mean. A lateral center edge angle (LCE) correction >12∘or an acetabular index (AI) correction >8 were therefore considered to high correction. A logistic regression model was applied to determine factors influencing high correction in FAI surgery. Subsequent adjustment was performed using a multivariate model.
After adjusting for pre-operative acetabular orientation, SHD showed a pronounced influence on the likelihood of achieving the adequate degree of high acetabular correction (odds ratio (OR) 10.0confidence interval (C.I) 2.3 to 44.0, p=0.002). On the other hand, SHD showed no influence on femoral correction (p=n.s).
Surgical hip dislocation is a powerful modality for achieving high degrees of acetabular correction in the situation of a femoroactabular conflict, being defined as an LCE correction of >12 or AI correction of >8. The reason for these results may be seen in the excellent exposure and the improved possibility of performing dynamic intra-operative examination to verify the results. The benefits are only limited to large acetabular correction. These findings should provide a helpful tool for decision making in clinical practise.
Level of evidence
Level III retrospective cohort study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Femoroacetabular impingement, FAI, Conflict, Impingement, Hip arthroscopy, Surgical hip dislocation
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