Dental rehabilitation of patients with alveolar-dental cleft sequelae is a crucial issue in the final stages of functional and aesthetic management of these patients. The objectives of this study are to establish the success of implant-supported rehabilitations for patients with alveolar dental cleft sequelae followed in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery and Stomatology of Lille University Hospital and the reasons for not using this type of rehabilitation for others.
Materials and method
Patients treated between January 2009 and December 2018 with implant-supported prostheses at an alveolar dental cleft site were included. Dental implants were placed after a complementary alveolar bone graft. Clinical and radiological criteria regarding periodontal, occlusal and prosthetic status were studied.
A total of 12 implants in 8 patients were placed. One of these implants was lost, resulting in an implant survival rate of 91.7%. All patients were able to benefit from functional rehabilitation.
The present results demonstrate the interest and reliability of implant rehabilitation in these patients. They furthermore highlight financial factors as a barrier to using this solution among the majority of patients in care.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Alveolar dental cleft, Implant, Prosthesis, Periodontal, Marginal bone loss, Occlusion