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Therapeutic education is an essential part of the treatment of chronic diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The IBD-KID, developed in Canada in English, assesses children's and adolescents’ acquired knowledge about their condition and has been validated in Canadian and Australian populations. However, there is no pediatric questionnaire in French to assess patients’ knowledge about IBD.
To report the linguistic validation process and metric validity of the MICI-MINOTS, the French version of the IBD-KID.
The translation process consisted of three consecutive steps: forward–backward translation, acceptability testing, and cognitive interviews. The IBD-KID consists of 23 questions, but a 24th question about immunomodulatory therapy was added in the MICI-MINOTS. Psychometric testing was conducted with five groups: children with IBD, their parents, children in a control group, their parents, and health workers recruited from the Timone Pediatric Hospital and the Saint-Sébastien Maternal and Child Protection Center, Marseille, France. A total of 15 individuals completed the tool twice, with a 15-day interval. Internal consistency, reliability, external validity, reproducibility, and sensitivity to change were tested.
A total of 38 children with IBD (sex: 20 boys, 18 girls; age: 13.90 [±2.88] years; 25 with Crohn's disease), 20 children in the control group, 58 parents (every child was included with one parent), and 62 health workers were included in the analysis. Intraclass correlation was 0.94 (95% confidence interval 0.83–0.98) for test–retest assessment. Readability using the Scolarius score corresponded to elementary school level. Among the children with IBD, 89.5% answered all 24 questions. For 23 questions, the mean score of children with IBD was higher than among children in the control group: 9.58 (±3.01) versus 5.47 (±3.56), respectively (P<0.01). Parents of children with IBD scored higher than parents of children in the control group: 10.63 (±3.16) versus 8.4 (±3.07), respectively (P=0.012). In the health workers’ group, pediatric residents (17.82±3.46) scored higher than nurses 11.75 (±3.4) and ward clerks (8.67±2.40; P<0.01). Patients’ knowledge score was significantly related to their parents’ knowledge score (r=0.402, P=0.012) for 23 questions.
The French version of the IBD-KID showed satisfactory psychometric properties to assess knowledge about the disease in French-speaking children.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Inflammatory bowel disease, Ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Pediatric, Knowledge, Assessment, Questionnaire