The aim of this experimental study was to investigate, under the premise of discectomy, whether damage to either the fibrous layer of the condyle or that of the glenoid fossa, could induce temporomanibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis. And if not, which of the fibrous layer was more important in the genesis of TMJ ankylosis.
Materials and methods
Bilateral TMJ surgery was performed in 6 growing Xiao-wei Han sheep. Disk and condylar fibrous layer removal (DCFLR) was performed on the left TMJ, and disk and glenoid fibrous layer removal (DGFLR) was performed on the right TMJ. All animals were sacrificed at 3 months postoperatively. The TMJ complexes were examined by histological evaluation.
Partial fibrous ankylosis was achieved on the DCFLR side in the 6 sheep at 3 months after surgery. On the DGFLR side, pathologic characteristics of TMJ osteoarthritis could be seen; however, no evidence of ankylosis was observed. The scores of TMJ ankylosis for the DGFLR side were significantly lower than those for the DCFLR side (P<0.05).
This study demonstrated that removal of the condylar fibrous layer, not the glenoid fibrous layer, combined with discectomy could lead to traumatic TMJ ankylosis.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Temporomandibular joint, Ankylosis, Trauma, Animal model, Sheep