Multiple studies have examined the association between psoriasis and celiac disease (CD). However, these studies have shown conflicting results.
To analyze the association between psoriasis and CD.
We conducted a systematic review of the case-control, cross-sectional, and cohort studies examining the association between psoriasis and CD in the PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane databases. The adjusted effect sizes or crude data were extracted for quantitative analysis.
Of 754 citations initially identified, 18 studies were included. Random effects meta-analysis found significant odds ratios of 2.16 (95% confidence interval, 1.74-2.69; 9 studies) for CD in patients with psoriasis and 1.8 (95% confidence interval, 1.36-2.38; 8 studies) for psoriasis in patients with CD. We also found a significantly increased risk of new-onset psoriasis in CD (hazard ratio, 1.75; 95% confidence interval, 1.58-1.93). Subgroup analyses according to disease severity and geographic region could not be performed due to limited data.
This 2-way meta-analysis found a significant association between psoriasis and CD. Clinicians should be aware of this association. Patients with psoriasis with bowel complaints might benefit from screening for CD through questionnaires or interviews with subsequent gastroenterology consultation.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Key words : association, celiac disease, celiac sprue, meta-analysis, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis
Abbreviations used : CD, CI, HR, OR
| Funding sources: None.
| Conflicts of interest: None disclosed.
| IRB approval status: Not applicable.
| Reprints not available from the authors.