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As endometriosis is not a single condition but different morphological types, it is easy to conceive that its management allow for a diversity of approaches. The objective of this literature review is about a simplified pathway through care for patients with endometriosis, and to target the right time for surgical treatment.
Through a literature and references review, the different surgical care arrangements according to attainment, to symptoms and to the patients demands and expectations are reviewed.
An existing literature and recommendations synthesis has been done, and it was found that an optimum medical or surgical care rely on a multidisciplinary approach. Asymptomatic patients should not have surgery, and the medical treatment precede surgical treatment in numerous indications. In case of a surgical need, the right moment is determined by the recommendations, as noted in this article. Different aspects are necessary, the symptomatology, the intend to be pregnant and the recurrence of lesions in particular, but also the use of medically assisted reproduction or not.
In order to optimize the surgical treatment of patients with endometriosis, it is advisable to not refer these patients to the surgeon not too soon and not too late, furthermore if he’s an expert. In all cases the treatment is multidisciplinary, and the most difficult cases are referred to multidisciplinary consultative reunion. The surgical treatment relies on “centre of expertise’s” existence for some specific forms of deep endometriosis. The surgical treatment is a question of both pathology and timing.
In order to optimize the surgical treatment of endometriosis, it is advisable to refer patients to the surgeon at the right moment.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Pelvic endometriosis, Surgery, Treatment, Adenomyosis, Endometrioma
|⋆|| This work has been presented to the “Choix des Armes” congress, Marseille, March 2017.