Our study aimed to assess the impact of a simulation training program for residents for the disclosure of diagnosis on the psychological experience of couples following a first trimester pregnancy loss (PL).
We performed an uncontrolled prospective single center, before-after study, at the gynecological emergency department of Angers University Hospital in France, between May 2014 and April 2015. We included all patients who had a confirmed diagnosis of first trimester PL. A self-administering questionnaire (SAQ) that included the short version of the perinatal grief scale (PGS) and questions about the couples’ personal experience was sent by mail 8 weeks after the diagnosis. Patients were included before and after simulation training of the residents on the communication of the diagnosis of PL, and scores were compared between the two groups (before and after training).
Overall 72 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and responded to the SAQ, 45 before and 27 after simulation training. Overall, simulation training significantly lowered the overall PGS (39.4±4.9 vs 57.3±5.6, p=0.03), significantly improved the attitude of the resident when announcing the diagnosis (more considerate (74.1 % vs 48.9 %, p=0.04) and available (59.3 % vs 28.9 %, p=0.01)), and significantly improved the quality of the information given (less incomprehensible (22.2 % vs 46.7 %, p=0.04). Finally, significantly fewer patients reported needing an additional consultation for further information following training (33.3 % vs 73.3 %, p=0.01).
Simulation training of residents for the disclosure of early pregnancy loss significantly improves the couples’ personal experience and decreases the psychological morbidity associated with the communication.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Simulation, Training, Pregnancy loss, Miscarriage, Perinatal grief scale
Vol 49 - N° 3Article 101650- mars 2020 Retour au numéro
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