To study whether history of cesarean delivery for arrest of descent (failure of fetal head engagement or unsuccessful instrumental delivery), is a factor of unsuccessful vaginal birth after cesarean delivery.
Multicenter prospective study of patients undergoing TOL after previous caesarean delivery between May 2012 and May 2013 in 6 maternities. Univariate statistical analysis was performed depending of previous cesarean delivery indication. Multivariate analysis was used to determine independent association between these factors and TOLAC success.
Four hundred and eighty women with previous cesarean delivery were included and separated into two groups: the study group was composed of patients with history of CD for arrest of descent (failure of fetal head engagement or unsuccessful instrumental delivery) (n=31); control group included all other indications for CD (n=449). Overall, of the 480 women included in the study, 71.2 % underwent a TOL for a subsequent delivery (n=342): 68 % in the study group (n=21) vs 71.5 % in the control group (n=321). Vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) was obtained in 66.6 % vs 61% in the study and control group respectively (p=0.656). Univariate analysis of factors that may influence the success rate of (VBAC) did not show any difference between the two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that VBAC was only significantly associated with history of vaginal delivery subsequent to prior CD for arrest of descent.
This study reassures us in our clinical practice allowing TOL in cases of history of CD for fetal head engagement failure or instrumental delivery failure in the second stage of labor.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : arrest of descent, trial of labor, trial of labor after previous caesarean
Vol 49 - N° 3Article 101672- mars 2020 Retour au numéro
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