What is known: chronic HEV infection is considered to be a differential diagnosis in PLT patients with chronic hepatitis.
What is new: although HEV infection is endemic in France, acute and chronic hepatitis E are uncommon in PLT recipients.
How might it impact on clinical practice in the foreseeable future: PLT recipients should be informed to avoid eating uncooked meat and avoid contact with possibly HEV-infected animals.
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a major cause of acute viral hepatitis worldwide, usually asymptomatic in children. However, a growing number of publications over the last decade have documented cases of chronic hepatitis related to HEV-genotype 3 infection, and progressing to cirrhosis in immuno-compromised patients, particularly in adult kidney transplant recipients. The aim of our study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of HEV infection among pediatric liver transplant (PLT) recipients managed in our center.
Material and methods
Between November 1st 2014 and January 1st 2016, PLT recipients (less than 18 years-old) were screened for HEV infection [determined by HEV serology, HEV- immunoglobulin M (IgM) and immunoglobulin G (IgG), and HEV-ribonucleic acid (RNA) by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction] at their annual follow-up visit.
Eighty children were tested for HEV infection a mean of 5.4±5.3 years after liver transplantation (LT). The main indication for LT was biliary atresia (n=47, 59%). The prevalence of HEV-IgG was 8% (n=6; age range 1.3 to 14.2 years-old at the time of HEV testing). Prevalence increased to 30% when considering only the 20 children with a past history of an unexplained episode of elevated transaminases since LT. None had HEV IgM, serum HEV-RNA, or increased transaminases at the time of HEV testing. Among the six IgG seropositive children, two had received intravenous immunoglobulins prior to screening and four children had a negative control (seroreversion) 3 to 42 months after the first testing.
The prevalence of HEV infection in our cohort is low and similar to other pediatric reports. We saw no cases of chronic hepatitis or fibrosis attributable to HEV. The lower immunosuppressive regimen used in PLT children compared to other solid organ transplant recipients may account for this good outcome.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Hepatitis E Virus, Children, Liver Transplantation
Abbreviations : ALF, AZA, CsA, EBV, HEV, IgG, IgM, IU, IVIG, LT, MPA, PLT, PTLD, RNA, TAC, T-CMR
Vol 44 - N° 2P. 174-180 - avril 2020 Retour au numéro
Bienvenue sur EM-consulte, la référence des professionnels de santé.
L’accès au texte intégral de cet article nécessite un abonnement ou un achat à l’unité.
L'accès au texte intégral de cet article nécessite un abonnement ou un achat à l'unité.