Rectosigmoid endometriosis and Dolichocolon can both present with a triad of chronic abdominal pain, constipation and bloating. The relationship between these two pathologies is unknown. The present study aims to determine the frequency of DC in women with rectosigmoid endometriosis and its possible impact on pre- and post-operative symptoms.
Material and methods
We conducted a retrospective cohort study on 113 consecutive patients submitted to magnetic resonance imaging enema and subsequent complete surgical removal for symptomatic rectosigmoid endometriosis between June 2015 to June 2018. Dolichocolon is an anatomic variant characterized by redundancies and lengthening of the colon. We divided our study population according to its presence or absence. The two groups were compared in terms of demographic data, surgical findings and pre- and post-operative clinical variables. Pain symptoms were assessed through numerical rating scale from 0 to 10. Bowel complaints included constipation, bloating and diarrhea.
Thirty-five patients (31 %) presented a dolichocolon at magnetic resonance imaging enema. The two groups were comparable in terms of demographic data, pre-operative clinical variables and surgical findings. At 6-month follow-up, there was a significant improvement of symptoms, except for constipation and bloating in dolichocolon group. In particular, we observed with a statistical difference (p < .05) the persistence of constipation and bloating in dolichocolon group compared to non-dolichocolon group.
Dolichocolon was observed in one third patients with rectosigmoid endometriosis and could influence surgical outcomes for rectosigmoid endometriosis in terms of relief of bowel symptoms.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Bowel symptoms, Colon elongatum, Constipation, Deep infiltrating endometriosis, Dolichocolon
Vol 49 - N° 4Article 101697- avril 2020 Retour au numéro
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