Dactylitis refers to a global swelling of a finger or a toe giving it a clinical sausage-shape presentation. It is an extremely suggestive symptom as it guides the rheumatologist towards a shortlist of diagnoses. However, radiologists are less familiar with dactylitis. The aim of this review is to detail and illustrate the main causes of dactylitis using standard X-ray imaging, ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in order to make radiologists more familiar with this symptom by illustrating the various conditions that are associated with dactylitis including infection, peripheral spondyloarthritis, sarcoidosis, microcrystalline deposition, osteoid osteoma, and sickle cell disease.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Dactylitis, Infections, Spondylarthritis, Sarcoidosis, Osteoid osteoma