Goal of the study
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with an increased risk of thromboembolic events (TEE) during outbreaks, increasing morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to specify the prevalence of TEE in IBD patients and to determine their epidemiological, clinical and evolutionary characteristics.
Materiel and methods
This is a retrospective study collecting all patients with IBD, who had a thromboembolic complication confirmed by imagery, between January 2012 and December 2018.
One hundred patients with IBD were diagnosed during the study period. A TEE occurred in 6 patients (5.9%). These patients had an average age of 41 years, divided into 4 women and 2 men. Five patients had Crohn's disease and one patient had ulcerative colitis. The IBD was active in all patients. Five patients were already hospitalized and under preventive heparin therapy. Patients had deep venous thrombosis of the lower limbs in 3 cases, associated with pulmonary embolism in 1 case, cerebral venous thrombosis in 2 cases and pulmonary embolism isolated in 1 case. Thrombophilia investigations were negative in all patients. Evolution under medical treatment was favorable in 4 patients and fatal in 2 patients.
In our study, the prevalence of TEE in patients with IBD was 5.9%. Thrombosis occurred during the active phase of IBD in all cases.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Inflammatory bowel disease, Embolism, Thrombosis
Vol 45 - N° 2P. 67-71 - avril 2020 Retour au numéro
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