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The present study aimed at evaluating the effect of a haemodynamic algorithm using SV maximisation by non-invasive photoplethysmography (interventional group) on the incidence of postoperative complications compared with a control group using intermittent mean arterial pressure.
The non-blinded parallel-group trial randomised low-risk patients undergoing colorectal surgery into either interventional group or control group. The primary outcome was the incidence of patients with at least one complication during the 30 days following surgery. The secondary outcomes were the total number of complications, the length of hospital stay and postoperative mortality. A meta-analysis of randomised trials comparing perioperative haemodynamic optimisation (interventional group) using photoplethysmography with control group was performed to assess the external validity.
Among 160 randomised patients, 159 were analysed (80 and 79 in interventional and control groups, respectively). Demographic characteristics were similar in both groups. Postoperative complications occurred in 40 (50%) and 34 (43%) patients in the interventional and control groups, respectively (P=0.471). There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding the total number of complications (P=0.078), the hospital length of stay (P=0.960), or postoperative mortality (P=1.000). In the meta-analysis including 1089 patients in 7 randomised controlled studies, 203 (38%) and 221 (40%) patients suffered from at least one complication following surgery [risk ratio 0.89 (95% CI 0.68–1.17), P=0.407] in interventional and control groups, respectively.
Based on the findings of the present study and meta-analysis, a haemodynamic perioperative algorithm using SV maximisation by non-invasive photoplethysmography cannot reduce postoperative morbidity.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Abdominal surgery, Anaesthesia, Haemodynamic, Plethysmography