Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor in adults. The incidence of malignant gliomas is growing in the elderly population. Unfortunately, increasing age is one of the most important negative prognostic factors for this tumor. For a long time, the treatment of elderly patients with GBM was controversial. Currently, more active strategies are the rule. Indeed, as in the younger population, prospective randomized studies have recently established the benefit of radiotherapy associated with concomitant and adjuvant chemotherapy by temozolomide in older patients suffering from malignant gliomas with good functional status. The application of chemotherapy alone may be especially useful in patients with poor functional status and O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promotor methylation. For the portion of the elderly population identified as frail, treatment decisions should be made in the context of a comprehensive geriatric evaluation while also taking into account quality of life and concomitant pathologies. The willingness of the patient and his or her caregivers will also be key to the therapeutic decision. Symptomatic treatments such as corticosteroids and antiepileptic drugs may be less tolerated in this population compared to younger patients and should be used only if requested. In the future, it will be necessary to continue to develop specific schedules of treatment in the frail population. For this reason, prospective randomized clinical trials are still needed to pursue improvements in the pattern of care of malignant glioma in elderly individuals.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Glioblastomas, Elderly patients, Comprehensive geriatric assessment, Incidence, Radiotherapy, Chemotherapy, Clinical trials, Quality of life