This study aims to compare two techniques (External pop-out versus classic technique) for delivery of the fetal head during elective cesarean section (CS).The potential clinical predictors associated with unintended uterine incision extension during fetal head delivery among women delivered by elective CS were also assessed.
A randomized clinical trial conducted at a tertiary University hospital between February 2017 and January 2019. Participants were randomly assigned to the classic head delivery technique (group I) or external Pop-out (EPO) technique (group II). The primary outcome was the incidence of unintended uterine incision extension during elective CS. A logistic regression model was utilized to examine the association between patient's characteristics and the occurrence of unintended uterine incision extension.
Participants in both groups (455 women in each group) had similar demographic characteristics. The EPO group had a significantly lower incidence of uterine incision extension than the classic group (p = 0.006). The operative time was significantly shorter in the EPO group (p = 0.000), which was also significantly easier than the classic technique (p = 0.001). The high body mass index (p = 0.004), previous delivery by CS (p = 0.010), high birth weight (p = 0.001) and the classic technique for head delivery (p = 0.002) were significant predictors for uterine incision tears.
EPO technique is an easy technique for fetal head delivery during elective CS with a lower risk of uterine incision extension and shorter operative time.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Cesarean section, External pop-out, Fetal head delivery, Uterine incision