Minimally invasive surgery has become the standard surgical attitude in primary hyperparathyroidism. It requires precise preoperative lesion localization. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the performance of ultrasonography and 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy in minimally invasive surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism.
Materials and methods
A retrospective study included all patients managed surgically for primary hyperparathyroidism between January 2008 and November 2017 in the University Hospital of Brest (France). Two hundred and seventy-three patients underwent ultrasonography and 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy. Results determined intrinsic (sensitivity and specificity) and extrinsic (positive and negative predictive values) performance on per-patient and per-gland analysis. Demographic, preoperative, interventional and cure data were compared according to ultrasonography and scintigraphy results, distinguishing 3 patient groups: concordant n=156, discordant n=99, negative n=18.
On per-gland analysis, sensitivity was 70% for ultrasound, 74% for 99mTc-sestamibi scintigraphy and 81% for associated ultrasound-scintigraphy; positive predictive values were 89%, 91% and 96%, respectively. Gland volume and concomitant thyroid pathology rates differed significantly (both p=0.003) between the 3 imaging results groups.
The performance of associated ultrasound-99mTc-sestamibi-scintigraphy provided a positive predictive value of 96%. Combining the two techniques reduced surgical morbidity.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Primary hyperparathyroidism, Ultrasonography, Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi