Enhanced recovery programs (ERP) is aimed at reducing a patient's surgical stress response, specifically by reducing the duration of catheterization. In cases of colorectal surgery, there is pronounced heterogeneity in urinary catheterization, which is largely explained by fear of acute urinary retention (AUR).
The objective of the work is to report on the current literature on postoperative urinary catheterization following colorectal surgery, particularly with regard to the risk of AUR, and thereby contribute to the standardization of perioperative practices.
In colon surgery without preoperative urinary disorders, catheterization must not exceed 24h. In rectal surgery, catheter removal starting on postoperative D2 seems reasonable in the absence of AUR risk factor (RF). Male sex, past history of lower urinary tract obstruction, abdomino-perineal amputation (APA) and low rectal anastomosis are AUR risk factors that must be taken into account when deciding to withdraw the urinary catheter. While the role of a suprapubic catheter is not clearly defined, it may be of use following APA. The epidural catheter is another AUR risk factor, but it seems possible to withdraw the urinary catheter on postoperative D1, before the epidural catheter, provided that the other risk factors have been taken into full account. Lastly, up until now no satisfactorily conducted study has assessed the prophylactic value of systematic perioperative alpha-blocker treatment in colorectal surgery.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Colorectal surgery, Transurethral probe, Suprapubic catheter, Acute urinary retention, Alpha blockers, Epidural analgesia