To describe knowledge and attitudes toward fertility preservation (FP) in patients with endometrial atypical hyperplasia or adenocarcinoma (EC/AH) among French gynecologists
Materials and Methods
A national survey among French gynaecologists: one questionnaire with one common part and two specific parts for gynecological surgeon (GS) or for specialists in reproductive medicine (SRM) was sent from April 2017 to April 2018. Knowledge and attitudes toward FP in EC/AH were evaluated with a “knowledge score” and an “attitudes score” using a four- or five-point Likert scale.
One hundred forty physicians completed the survey (87 GS, 53 SRM). The knowledge score was low (59.3% medium/low), but it was significantly higher for GS compared to SRM. The better-known treatments were oral progestins and hysteroscopic resection. Among the participants treating EC/AH, 52.6% found it “difficult” to manage patients and 61.8% regretted the lack of official recommendations. Most physicians seemed to be uncomfortable/unsupportive with FP in EC/AH (57.2% “attitude score’ below 11/20). There was a positive correlation between knowledge and attitude scores.
GS “usually/always” give advice to patients about FP before EC/AH treatment. After maximum 3–6 months, 56.6% of SRM chose In Vitro Fecundation (IVF) to reduce time-to-pregnancy, with GnRH antagonist protocols (28%) or mild-stimulation (15.1%) to avoid hyperoestrogenism.
Despite reassuring results in the literature, French gynecologists are uncomfortable with FP using EC/AH conservative management, which may be because of a lack of confidence in their knowledge. Specific guidelines are needed to help physicians manage these young patients and their fertility.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Endometrial cancer, Endometrial atypical hyperplasia, Fertility preservation, Fertility sparing, Attitude, Knowledge