The temporal muscle has been an essential tool in maxillo-facial reconstruction for more than a century. Despite many technical advances, depression in the temporal fossa after its use is a constant issue. There are several ways to fill this defect. However, their efficiency has not been proven. Currently, biomaterials (e.g. polymethylmethacrylate [PMMA] and polyethylene [PE]) are the alternative most frequently used and studied. This is the first case report of temporal depression filling with a porcine dermal matrix (Permacol™). A 58-year-old woman underwent limited maxillectomy for squamous cell carcinoma of the upper vestibular mucosa, after which a pure temporalis muscle flap was used for immediate reconstruction. A custom-shaped Permacol™ sheet was used with a PMMA spacer to fill the resulting depression at the temporal fossa. The procedure went smoothly without any complications. The surgeon and the patient are satisfied with the cosmetic result. Permacol™ is a safe and effective tool to fill defects after temporalis muscle flap and is an excellent alternative to other biomaterials currently on the market.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Permacol™, Biomaterial, Reconstruction, Temporal depression, Temporal muscle flap