To perform a comprehensive literature review on outcomes achieved with the historical Dardik graft, illustrated with a case report of a patient with 13-years primary patency and limb salvage.
A comprehensive literature review was performed through MedLine (PubMed.gov, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health) from 1976 to 2018 using search terms (Umbilical Vein Graft), (Dardik graft), (Glutaraldehyde stabilized human umbilical vein [HUV]) and (HUV) to collected data on clinical use of HUV. Only papers in English and reporting adequate information about indication for surgery, short- and long-term patency and complication rate were included.
Data about a total of 899 patients (977 limbs) were available. Overall, 45% of patients (438 limbs) underwent HUV implantation for critical limb ischemia (rest pain or tissue loss) or for disabling claudication in 12.2% of cases (120 limbs). Others indication for surgery were acute onset limb ischemia, popliteal aneurysms or aneurysmal degeneration of a previously implanted synthetic graft. At a mean follow-up of 4.3 years (range 3–6 years), primary patency and secondary patency were 61.3% and 61%, respectively. Aneurisms formation was detected in 3% of cases (21 limbs), graft's infection in 24.4% of cases (31 limbs) and graft's thrombosis in 25.5% of cases (193 limbs).
This article provide a historical review of the use, outcomes and complications of HUV. Even though it is no longer commercially available, the knowledge of this type of substitute still remains inspirational for the development of innovative vascular conduits and fundamental for the new generations of physician both in diagnostics and in the management of complications.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Human umbilical Vein Graft, Dardik graft, Glutaraldehyde stabilized human umbilical vein