Aim of the study
Evaluate the impact of social deprivation on morbidity and mortality in surgery for colorectal cancer.
The COINCIDE prospective cohort included nearly 2,000 consecutive patients operated on for colorectal cancer at the Assistance Publique-Hospitals of Paris (AP-HP) from 2008 to 2010. The data on these patients were crossed with the PMSI administrative database. The European Social Deprivation Index (EDI) was calculated for each patient and classified into five quintiles (quintiles 4 and 5 being the most disadvantaged patients). Thirty-day post-operative morbidity was determined according to the Dindo-Clavien classification, with a Had®Hoc re-analysis of each file. Statistical analysis was performed using the proprietary Q-finder® algorithm.
One thousand two hundred and fifty nine curative colorectal resections were analyzed. Mortality was 2.7% and severe morbidity (Dindo-Clavien≥3) occurred in 16.4%. Mortality was not statistically significantly increased among the most disadvantaged who made up almost two thirds of the population (64.2%). Patients in quintiles 4 and 5 had a statistically significant increase in severe morbidity. The relative risk remained 1.5 even after adjustment for the known risk factors found in the analysis: age>70 years, ASA score, urgency, and laparotomy.
The EDI represents an independent risk factor for severe morbidity after carcinologic colorectal resection. This study suggests that the determinants of health are multidimensional and do not depend solely on the quality and performance of the care system. The inclusion of this index in our surgical databases is therefore necessary, as is its use in health policy for the distribution of resources.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Social deprivation, Morbidity, Colorectal surgery