Rotator cuff tears often occur in combination with acromioclavicular (AC) arthropathy. But it can be difficult to separate pain caused by the rotator cuff tear from pain caused by the AC joint, despite clinical and other examinations. Distal clavicle resection (DCR) is increasingly being done at the same time as arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. The aim of this study was to compare the functional outcomes 1 year after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair between patients who simultaneously undergo DCR and patients who do not. The primary hypothesis was that DCR improves the clinical outcomes.
Material and methods
This was a prospective, multicenter, randomized, single-blind study of 200 patients who underwent isolated supraspinatus repair using the same technique. The patients were randomized into two groups: 97 patients who also underwent DCR and 103 patients who did not. The patients were followed until 1 year postoperative according to a standardized radiological and clinical review protocol.
At 1 year postoperative, all the clinical outcomes were worse in the DCR group, although only external rotation with elbow at side (53° vs. 59°, p=0.04) and the SSV (86.5 vs. 90.1, p=0.04) were statistically different. Overall shoulder pain was higher in the DCR group during the first 3 months postoperative (p=0.04). At 1 year, the DCR group had more residual pain; this pain was mainly located on the superior side of the shoulder (p=0.03), especially when more than 11 mm was resected (p=0.01). More of the shoulders in the DCR group had failures in rotator cuff healing based on ultrasonography (p=0.5).
Our hypothesis was not confirmed. We do not recommend doing routine DCR with arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.
Level of evidence
I, prospective randomized simple blind study.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Distal clavicular resection, Rotator cuff repair, Acromioclavicular arthropathy, Shoulder arthroscopy