Preventing the advent of antibiotic-resistant bacteria requires strict compliance with the standard precautions, particularly with regard to disinfecting hands with hydro-alcoholic hand rub, the currently recommended technique.
This study measures the efficacy of a hydro-alcoholic product on four emerging resistant bacteria in vitro.
Preventing the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria requires strict adherence to standard precautions, including hand hygiene by hydro-alcoholic friction, a technique now recommended. Our study evaluates the in vitro efficacy of an hydro-alcoholic product on four emerging resistant bacteria.
Methods and materials
The product was tested using the dilution-neutralization method using the NF/EN 13727+A2 standard on Staphylococcus epidermidis which is resistant to methicillin and has a reduced reaction to glycopeptide antibiotics, on Enterococcus faecium which is resistant to glycopeptides, as well as on Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa which produce carbapenemases. Each of the steps was performed as a blind test on the test product as on the comparator. The surviving bacteria count was measured after 24 and 48 hours’ incubation and the rate of reduction was calculated.
A reduction which was higher than 5 decimal logarithms was observed 30seconds after contact. The test product had an 80% bactericidal concentration on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and 40% on the three other germs. The bactericidal concentration of the comparator was 80% on the four micro-organisms.
The present study confirms the effect of hydro-alcoholic products on emerging resistant bacteria. The results make it possible to answer questions from healthcare professionals who often confuse antibiotics and antiseptics and question whether using hydro-alcoholic hand sanitizer is worth it. Proof of efficacy at 30seconds is reassuring since this time is close to that observed when evaluating practices. The data could be completed by performing in vitro tests using the NF/EN 1500 standard.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Multi-resistant bacteria, Emerging highly-resistant bacteria, Disinfection of hands, Hydro-alcoholic product, Bacterial reduction, Essential oils