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To investigate the perinatal outcomes of women with a history of female genital mutilation (FGM) who underwent clitoral reconstruction (CR) compared with women with FGM who did not undergo CR.
Material and methods
Retrospective case-control study at Angers University Hospital, between 2005 and 2017. Inclusion criteria: pregnant women >18 years who underwent CR after FGM. Only the first subsequent delivery after CR was included. Each woman with CR was matched for age, ethnicity, FGM type, parity, and gestational age at the time of delivery with two women with FGM who did not undergo CR during the same period of time. At birth, the main outcomes were the need for episiotomy and having an intact perineum after delivery.
84 women were included (28 in the CR group; 56 in the control group). In the CR group, patients required significantly fewer episiotomies (5/17[29.4%]) compared to the control group (28/44[63.6%], p = 0.02), even after excluding operative vaginal deliveries (2/13[15.4%] vs 21/36[58.3], p < 0.01). CR reduces the risk of episiotomy (aOR = 0.15, 95%CI [0.04-0.56]; p < 0.01) after adjusting on the infant weight and the need for instrumental delivery.
In the CR group, 47% of the patients had an intact perineum after delivery, compared to 20.4% in the control group (p = 0.04). CR increases the odds of having an intact perineum at birth by 3.46 times (CI95%[1.04-11.49]; p = 0.04).
CR after FGM increases the chances of having an intact perineum after delivery by 3.46 times and reduces the risk of episiotomy by 0.15 times compared to women with FGM who did not underwent CR.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : female genital mutilation, perineum, clitoral reconstruction, perineal tear, episiotomy