This work reports the effects of the water-soluble lectin from Moringa oleifera seeds (WSMoL) on growth and survival of Candida species. In addition, cellular alterations linked to the antifungal effect were investigated. The minimal inhibitory (MIC) and fungicidal (MFC) concentrations were determined and 24-h growth curves in absence and presence of lectin were established. Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the induction of apoptosis/necrosis, alterations in mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), and occurrence of lysosomal damage. WSMoL inhibited the growth of C. albicans, C. glabrata, C. krusei and C. parapsilosis with MIC of 20μg/mL. The lowest MFC (20μg/mL) was detected for C. glabrata and the highest (80μg/mL) for C. albicans and C. parapsilosis. The inhibitory effect started from the ninth to nineteenth hour of incubation depending on the fungal species. Incubation with the lectin at the MIC for 24h increased the number of cells undergoing apoptosis and necrosis. Hyperpolarization of the mitochondrial membrane was detected after 12-h treatment, followed by reduction of ΔΨm or depolarization after 24h. No lysosomal damage was detected in treated cells. In conclusion, WSMoL is a fungistatic and fungicide agent against Candida with differential effects depending on the species.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Lectin, Pathogenic yeast, Antimicrobial activity, Cell death