Many clinical studies have been carried out to investigate the relationship between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Owing to limited evidence and inconsistent findings among these studies, it is unclear whether periodontitis would increase the risk for RA. This meta-analysis was performed to evaluate whether periodontitis represents a risk factor for RA.
PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, and Wanfang were searched for eligible studies that compared periodontitis patients with controls. A pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to assess the association between periodontitis and RA.
Thirteen studies including a total of 706611 periodontitis patients and 349983 control subjects were included. The pooled OR of RA risk between periodontitis and controls was (OR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.31–2.17; P<0.0001), indicating that the patients in periodontitis group had a 69% greater risk for RA than people in control group. When stratified by disease type, the pooled results showed periodontitis represents a risk factor for incident RA (OR=1.70, 95%CI: 0.75–3.85, P<0.001) and mixed RA (OR=1.61, 95%CI: 1.26–2.06; P<0.001). When stratified by disease duration, the pooled results showed periodontitis represents a risk factor for RA disease duration>5 years (OR=2.88, 95%CI: 0.66–12.62, P=0.018), disease duration<5 years (OR=2.59, 95%CI: 0.83–8.11, P<0.001), mixed disease duration (OR=1.53; 95%CI: 1.05–2.22, P<0.001).
Our meta-analysis revealed an increased risk of RA in patients with periodontitis compared to healthy controls. Moreover, when stratified by disease type, there was a higher risk between incident RA and periodontitis. When stratified by disease duration, the patients with periodontitis might be more closely associated with the RA patients with disease duration >5 years.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Periodontitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Case-control study, Meta-analysis
Vol 87 - N° 6P. 556-564 - décembre 2020 Retour au numéro
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