m-APRI, a non-invasive tool, can predict the presence or absence of advanced fibrosis and liver cirrhosis with accuracy.
m-APRI performs better than APRI and BARD in predicting both advanced fibrosis and liver cirrhosis in NAFLD.
The performance of m-APRI is similar compared to FIB-4 and NFS in NAFLD.
At cut-offs of 5.84 and 9 m-APRI is adequate for excluding advanced fibrosis and liver cirrhosis respectively in NAFLD.
Advanced fibrosis (AF) and liver cirrhosis (LC) are important milestones in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). FIB-4, NFS and BARD are validated scores with good accuracy in detecting AF and LC. APRI does not have similar predictive accuracy. While a modification (m-APRI) improves its use in viral hepatitis, this has yet to be evaluated in NAFLD. This study compares diagnostic performance of aforementioned scores in predicting AF and LC in NAFLD.
Consecutive NAFLD patients undergoing Transient Elastography (TE) using Echosens® Fibroscan® for fibrosis staging were included. Cut-off liver stiffness measurements for AF and LC were 7.9 kPa and 11.5 kPa respectively. Anthropometric and laboratory tests done within 3 months were used. Diagnostic performances of scores were analyzed by standard statistical tests.
161 patients qualified for the study. Mean age was 60.2 ± 14 years, BMI 26.8 ± 4.6 kg/m2. M-probe was used in 113, XL in 48. Optimal cut-offs of m-APRI for AF and LC were 5.84 and 9 respectively. Area under receiver operator characteristic curves (AUROC) for prediction of AF at optimal cut-off points were m-APRI 0.84, APRI 0.80, FIB-4: 0.77, NFS 0.77 and BARD 0.65. For prediction of LC, AUROC were m-APRI: 0.83, APRI: 0.76, FIB-4: 0.81, NFS: 0.77 and BARD: 0.66. m-APRI was significantly superior to all scores compared in detecting AF (p < 0.05 for all) and superior to APRI (p = 0.008) and BARD (p = 0.007) in predicting LC. There was no significant difference between m-APRI and FIB-4 or NFS in prediction of LC.
For prediction of AF in NAFLD, m-APRI outperforms BARD, APRI, NFS and FIB-4, while for the prediction of cirrhosis, m-APRI is superior to APRI and BARD but comparable to NFS and FIB-4.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : NAFLD, Liver fibrosis, Non-Invasive scores, m-APRI