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Rate of publication in predatory journals by orthopedic surgeons members of the French orthopedic and traumatology society (SOFCOT): A follow-up note - 03/12/20

Doi : 10.1016/j.otsr.2020.03.042 
Julien Dartus a, b, , Marc Saab a, b, Pierre Martinot a, b, Sophie Putman a, b, Roger Erivan c, Patrick Devos b, d
a Université de Lille Nord de France, 59000 Lille, France 
b Service d’orthopédie, CHU de Lille, Hôpital Roger-Salengro, 59000 Lille, France 
c CNRS, SIGMA Clermont, ICCF, Université Clermont-Auvergne, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France 
d University of Lille, CHU of Lille, ULR 2694–METRICS: évaluation des technologies de santé et des pratiques médicales, 59000 Lille, France 

Corresponding author at: Service d’orthopédie, hôpital Roger-Salengro, centre hospitalier et universitaire de Lille, place de Verdun 59037 Lille, France.Service d’orthopédie, hôpital Roger-Salengro, centre hospitalier et universitaire de Lilleplace de Verdun Lille59037France

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Abstract

Background

France ranks 9th worldwide for scientific publication in orthopedics and the increase in both the quantity and the quality of its scientific production has been described in detail. On the other hand, publishing by French orthopedic surgeons in predatory journals is more obscure. The journals in question are difficult to identify but are based on an open-access model with article processing charges (APC), except in rare cases that are difficult to specify, as they are not stated at the time of submission. The increase in the number of predatory journals over the last 10 years led us to attempt to assess the rate at which French orthopedic surgeons publish in them, as revealed by investigation of the SIGAPS bibliometric database.

Hypothesis

Over the period 2008–2017, the rate of publications by French orthopedic surgeons in predatory journals was less than 5%.

Material and method

The SIGAPS database contains the detail of publications by French orthopedic surgeons members of the French Society of Orthopedic Surgery and Traumatology (SoFCOT) and was used to analyse all such articles (journal article, review or editorial) so as to isolate articles with PubMed-Not-MEDLINE status falling in the SIGAPS non-classified (NC) category and to determine the predatory status of the journal using established lists, such as Beall's list or that drawn up by StopPredatoryJournals. In case of difficulty in determining predatory status, we applied the criteria defined by Beall and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Results

Out of 6056 articles in the SIGAPS database published by French orthopedic surgeons between 2008 and 2017, 323 could be suspected of being published in a predatory journal, but only 33 were so confirmed: i.e., 0.55% of French orthopedic scientific output over the study period. Eleven appeared in journals whose publishers were listed as predatory by Beall, 21 appeared in journals whose publishers had been listed as predatory on Beall's list in 2012 with the dubious editorial practices defined by Beall, and one article appeared in a journal found to be predatory on analysis of its editorial board. More than half of these articles (58%) were subject to APCs averaging $400.

Discussion

Despite a strong increase in the number of predatory journals over the last decade, very few French orthopedic surgeons resort to them to publish their work. Difficulty of identification and authors’ lack of knowledge about this type of journals may account for some of these submissions. Scientific teams need to check certain criteria before submitting to a journal: short time to publication and low APC should be taken as warning signs, and any demand for payment after acceptance certainly raises the question of the journal's predatory nature.

Level of evidence

IV; retrospective study without control group.

Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.

Keywords : Bibliometrics, Impact factor, Scientific literature, France, Predatory journal


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Vol 106 - N° 8

P. 1457-1461 - décembre 2020 Retour au numéro
Article précédent Article précédent
  • Scientific medical publication. Ongoing change benefits and risks: Predatory journals
  • Sébastien Zilber, Hervé Maisonneuve, Henri Migaud, Philippe Clavert, Philippe Beaufils
| Article suivant Article suivant
  • Bibliometric analysis of case report citations and their effect on the impact factor: How does publishing case reports impact journals?
  • Roger Erivan, Julien Dartus, Guillaume Villatte, Pierre Sylvain Marcheix, Stéphane Descamps, Stéphane Boisgard

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