The optimal diagnostic strategy for patients with psychiatric and insomnia disorders has not been established yet.
The purpose of this study was to perform cost-effectiveness analysis of six neuroimaging technologies in diagnosis of patients with psychiatric and insomnia disorders.
An economic evaluation study was conducted in three parts, including a systematic review for determining diagnostic accuracy, a descriptive cross-sectional study with Activity-Based Costing (ABC) technique for tracing resource consumption, and a cost-effectiveness analysis using a short-term decision-analytic model.
In the first phase, 93 diagnostic accuracy studies were included in the systematic review. The accumulated results (meta-analysis) showed that the highest diagnostic accuracy for psychiatric and insomnia disorders was attributed to PET (sensitivity of 90% and specificity of 80%) and MRI (sensitivity of 76% and specificity of 78%) respectively. In the second phase of the study, we calculated the cost of each technology. The results showed that MRI has the lowest cost. Based on the results in the model of cost-effectiveness sMRI ($ 50.08 per accurate diagnosis) and MRI ($ 58.54 per accurate diagnosis) were more cost-effective neuroimaging technologies.
In psychiatric disorders, no single strategy was characterized by both low cost and high accuracy. However, MRI and PET scan had lower cost and higher accuracy for psychiatric disorders, respectively. MRI was the least costly with the highest diagnostic accuracy in insomnia disorders. Based on our model, sMRI in psychiatric disorders and MRI in insomnia disorders were the most cost-effective technologies.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Abbreviations : PET, MRI, SPECT, fMRI, MDD, rs-fMRI, DOR, ICER, ABC
Keywords : Cost-effectiveness, Neuroimaging, Diagnosis, Sensitivity, Specificity, Psychiatric disorders, Insomnia disorders