Background and objectives
The use of tubal ligation as a contraceptive method has started to increase because it is a safe procedure with high protection. This increase also brings to mind what the procedure-related adverse effects may be. The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term effects whether tubal ligation performed during caesarean had an effect on dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, menstrual pattern, and hormones.
Our study was retrospectively conducted by archive scanning and phone calls of a total of 220 patients who were divided into two groups as the study group, which underwent tubal ligation during the caesarean section (n = 110), and the control group (n = 110), which had caesarean section but did not undergo tubal ligation. Patients who did not meet the inclusion criteria were not included in the study.
The patients were invited to the hospital on the second or third days of their menstrual cycles. Serum TSH, FSH, LH, E2, PRL levels of these patients were studied. Their dysmenorrhoea, dyspareunia symptoms and menstrual cycle patterns were questioned. The results of the groups were compared.
There was no significant difference between the hormone levels and dysmenorrhoea-dyspareunia evaluations of both groups (p > 0.05). However, it was found that menstrual cycle irregularity was higher in the group that underwent tubal ligation and this difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05).
In women who underwent tubal ligation during caesarean section, it was found that there was no difference in menstrual cycle pattern, hormone levels, dysmenorrhea, and dyspareunia, except for menstrual cycle irregularity.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : aesarean section, menstrual cycle, tubal ligation