Malignant hypertension (MHT) still exists, leading young people to a poor prognosis. Yet, we lack clear guidelines, mainly because data are scarce. We initiated the first MHT multicentric network to assess these issues. We built a 28 centers network so far, aiming for 40–50 French centers end 2020, and European participation in 2021. We prospectively recruit patients with severe hypertension (>180/110) and severe hypertensive retinopathy (common definition) or 3-target organ damage among heart, kidney, brain and thrombotic microangiopathy (MOD HTN definition). We hope to recruit 500 patients in 5 years, with a 5 years follow up. We currently collect clinical and examination data, aiming for building a biobank and a target organ damage corelab to entirely reconsider the disease. During the first 6 months, we recruited as planned 58 patients, 41% were male, 49.1±15 years old. Half of them were not known hypertensive, and one third presented a secondary hypertension. Non-observance was reported in 25% of patients as a trigger. Mean blood pressure was 219±29//119±20mmHg. Patient care pathway was very different according to initial symptoms, target organ damage and centers: hypertension, neurology, nephrology, cardiology, internal medicine, intensive care unit and emergency department. Target organ damage was respectively 70%, 33%, 25% and 25% for kidney, heart, brain and thrombotic microangiopathy, mostly improving during follow up. Most of patients (70%) benefited from intravenous antihypertensive treatment and saline infusion. Length of stay was on average 8 days. Malignant Hypertension clearly didn’t disappear, but was diluted between the different specialities and forgotten. This most severe presentation has to be considered once again to better manage our patients. The unique HAMA network should make it possible to gather high-quality data to improve our knowledge and rediscover the disease.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.