Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) are not only a public health problem, they are also economical. These diseases are accentuated in the part of the population facing economic challenges and often resulting from the rural exodus. The results of screenings (NCDs) in the city of Casablanca in Morocco showed a high frequency of obesity and possible undiagnosed cases of NCDs in low and middle income areas.
This study aimed to assess the prevalence of obesity, Cardiovascular risk factor, among women in Casablanca and to study the factors involved.
A survey was carried out in six neighborhoods of Casablanca using multistage cluster sampling. Anthropometric parameters and body composition were measured and information was collected using changes in eating habits, socio-demographic status and perception of body image and the use of fattening products of a questionnaire of 425 adult women from the districts of Casablanca.
We found a prevalence of 47% obesity and 36% overweight. Obesity and overweight exceeded 80% in all age groups, except women under 25, where we found a 44% prevalence of overweight. In addition, the prevalence of abdominal obesity was high in all age groups with an overall prevalence of 67%. Body image perception data showed that 62% of women perceived their weight as normal or underweight, 46% of these women were in fact overweight or obese. Fattening products have been used at least once by 12% of the population, especially by women under 35.
The problem of overweight and obesity, Risk factor for cardiovascular disease, in this society exceeds double the national prevalence that it would be in addition to the change in eating behavior and lifestyle to the perception of weight regular and the use of fat.
Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS.