With the growing adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) population, the number of catheter ablation procedures is expected to dramatically increase. Data reporting experience and evolution of catheter ablation in ACHD patients, over a significant period of time, remain scarce.
We aimed to describe temporal trends in volume and outcomes of catheter ablation in ACHD patients.
Retrospective observational study including all consecutive ACHD patients undergoing attempted catheter ablation in a large tertiary referral center over a 15-year period. Acute procedural success rate and freedom from recurrence at 12 months were analyzed.
From November 2004 to November 2019, 302 catheter ablations in 221 ACHD patients (43.6±15.0 years, 58.9% males) were performed. The annual number of catheter ablation increased progressively from 4 to 60 cases per year (P<0.001). Intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia/focal atrial tachycardia was the most common arrhythmia (n=217, 71.9%). Over the study period, acute procedural success rate increased from 45.0% to 93.4% (P<0.001). Use of irrigated catheters (OR=4.03, 95% CI: 1.86–8.55), 3D-mapping system (OR=3.70, 95% CI: 1.72–7.74), contact force catheters (OR=3.60, 95% CI: 1.81–7.38), and high-density mapping (OR=3.69, 95% CI: 1.82–8.14) were associated with acute procedural success. The rate of freedom from any recurrence at 12 months increased from 29.4% to 66.2% (P=0.001). Seven (2.3%) non-fatal complications occurred (Fig. 1).
The number of catheter ablation procedures in ACHD patients has considerably increased over the last 15 years. Growing experience and advances in ablative technologies appear to be associated with a significant improvement in acute and midterm outcomes.
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Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS.