The non-invasive assessment of myocardial work (MW) by pressure-strain loops analysis (PSL) is a relative new tool for the evaluation of myocardial performance. Sacubitril/Valsartan is a treatment for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) which has a spectacular effect on the reduction of cardiovascular events (MACEs). Purposes of this study were to evaluate 1) the short and medium term effect of Sacubitril/Valsartan treatment on MW parameters; 2) the prognostic value of MW in this specific group of patients.
79 patients with HFrEF (mean age: 66±12 years; LV ejection fraction: 28±9%) were prospectively included in the study and treated with Sacubitril/Valsartan. Echocardiographic examination was performed at baseline, and after 6- and 12-month of therapy with Sacubitril/Valsartan.
Sacubitril/Valsartan significantly increased myocardial constructive work (CW) (1023±449 vs. 1424±484 mmHg%, P<0.0001) and myocardial work efficiency (WE) [87 (78–90) vs. 90 (86–95), P<0.0001]. During FU (2.6±0.9 years), MACEs occurred in 13 (16%) patients. After correction for LV size, LVEF and WE, global myocardial constructive work (CW) was the only predictor of MACEs [HR 0.99 (0.99–1.00), Fig. 1=0.05]. (Table 1). A CW<910mmHg (AUC=0.81, P<0.0001, Fig. 1A) identified patients at particularly increase risk of MACEs [HR 11.09 (1.45–98.94), P=0.002, log-rank test P<0.0001] (Fig. 1B).
in patients with HFrEF who receive a comprehensive background beta-blocker and mineral-corticoid receptor antagonist therapy, Sacubitril/Valsartan induces a significant improvement of myocardial CW and WE. In this population, the estimation of CW before the initiation of Sacubitril/Valsartan therapy allows the prediction of MACEs.
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Publié par Elsevier Masson SAS.