The recent introduction of new robotic systems for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has created somewhat of a craze. Nevertheless, we can ask ourselves whether it is justified to use these new but very costly technologies. The results and limitations of these robotic tools must be analyzed systematically before confirming their benefits. Most of the newest robotic systems are interactive ones. These systems can accurately restore the mechanical axis and can improve the ligament balance and implant positioning. Theoretically, this can lead to better survival, function and outcomes. Recent studies have shown that use of robotics for TKA implantation does not increase the surgery time and does not cause more complications. Nevertheless, the long-term advantages of robotics use in this context remains to be proven. This task will be more difficult since there is currently no consensus as to the ideal positioning of TKA implants for a given patient. The aim of this study is to summarize this topic by answering the following questions: What are the different types of robots that can be used for TKA implantation? Which steps of the TKA surgical procedure are done with robotic arm assistance? What are the outcomes of these new implantation techniques? What are the limitations of these new implantation techniques?
Level of evidence
V; expert opinion.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Knee, Robotics, Total knee arthroplasty, Prosthesis