The asterion is frequently used as an anatomical landmark to determine the location of a keyhole in the lateral suboccipital approach used in craniotomies. However, the asterion may not be ideal because of large individual differences among patients. We examined a simple and safe method for determining an optimal keyhole position (KP) using the digastric groove as a new landmark in the lateral suboccipital approach.
Thirty-three patients with trigeminal neuralgia who underwent surgery in our institute between April 2014 and December 2018 were included. The groove line (GL) was designed accurately, extending the digastric groove on the surface of the occipital bone, as the x-axis. The y-axis was depicted from the posterior edge of the digastric groove (the groove point: GP) vertical to the GL. The x-y coordinates represented the distances from GP on each axis. The x-y coordinates of median edge of the transverse-sigmoid sinus (TSJ point), asterion, and the intersection of the GL and transverse sinus (the transverse point: TP) were investigated, based on intraoperative findings and recorded videos.
The x-y coordinated of the TSJ point were (23.9±3.9, 7.2±3.6). In all patients, the TSJ point was located superior to the GL. The x-y coordinates of the asterion were (27.3±6.0, 8.9±4.1), and in 28 of the 33 patients, their coordinates exceeded the TSJ points. The x-coordinate of the TP was 29.5±4.5, and was located behind the TSJ point on the GL in all patients. The shortest distance between the TSJ points and TP was approximately 3mm. According to these measurements, we decided that the optimal KP would be at 20mm from the GP, subjacent to the GL.
Our methods of using the GL as a new surgical landmark for setting the optimal KP is simple, safe, and useful.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Lateral suboccipital approach, Keyhole position, Digastric groove line, Transverse-sigmoid junction, Asterion