This review paper summarises the yield of the different imaging modalities in the evaluation of patients for IV thrombolysis. Non-contrast CT and CTA or brain MRI combined with MRA are the recommended sequences for the evaluation of patients within the 4.5 hours time window. Multimodal MRI (DWI/PWI), and more recently, CT perfusion, offer reliable surrogate of salvageable penumbra, the target mismatch, which is now currently used as selection criteria for revascularisation treatment in an extended time window. Those sequences may also help the physician for the management of other limited cases when the diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke is difficult. Another approach the DWI/FLAIR mismatch has been proposed to identify among wake-up stroke patients those who have been experiencing an acute ischemic stroke evolving from less than 4.5hrs. Other biomarkers, such as the clot imaging on MRI and CT, help to predict the recanalisation rate after IVT, while the impact of the presence microbleeds on MRI remains to be determined.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : IV thrombolysis, CT, CTA, MRI, PWI, CT perfusion