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Distal radial access for cerebral aneurysm embolization is feasible.
Distal radial access for cerebral aneurysm embolization does not increase the level of risk associated with the procedure.
Distal radial artery catheterization in the anatomic snuffbox is a safe and effective access site to perform neuroendovascular procedures.
To demonstrate the feasibility and safety of distal radial access for embolization of ruptured and unruptured cerebral aneurysms.
This study is a retrospective review of our prospective cerebral aneurysm embolization database. Between January and September 2019, distal radial access was considered for consecutive subjects addressed for cerebral aneurysm embolization at our institution. All procedures were performed by the same experienced operator. Technical success was defined as distal radial access with insertion of the sheath and completion of the intervention without change of access site to conventional femoral access. Primary safety endpoint was the in hospital + 30 days incidence of radial artery occlusion. Secondary endpoints included intra-procedural complications and neurologic complications at discharge and at 30 days.
Fifty-seven patients with cerebral aneurysms underwent 61 embolization procedures. Twenty eight embolizations were performed using coils, 8 used a stent-assisted coil technique, 22 used a balloon-assisted coil technique, and 3 used a flow diverter. One patient (1.6%) required crossover to femoral access. Three patients developed coil-induced thrombus that required intra-arterial Tirofiban injections. Two patients were asymptomatic and one patient presented confusion due to right frontal ischemia. One periprocedural aneurysm rupture occurred without clinical impact. Radial artery occlusion and hand ischemia were not observed.
Findings of the present study showed the feasibility of distal transradial access for cerebral aneurysm embolization without increasing the risk of the procedure.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Radial artery, Aneurysm, Subarachnoid haemorrhage, Endovascular procedure