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Benefits of simulation using standardized patients for training dermatology residents in breaking bad news - 22/01/21

Doi : 10.1016/j.annder.2020.11.003 
E. Dietrich a, Y. Le Corre a, N. Dupin a, B. Dréno b, I. Cartier c, J.-C. Granry d, L. Martin a, e,
a Department of Dermatology, Angers University Hospital, 4, rue Larrey, 49100 Angers, France 
b Department of Dermatology, Tarnier University Hospital (Paris), 89, rue d’Assas, 75005 Paris, France 
c Department of Dermatology, Nantes University Hospital, 1, place Alexis-Ricordeau, 44093 Nantes, France 
d Psychology Unit, Cancerology Coordination Center, 4, rue Larrey, 49100 Angers, France 
e All'Sims Healthcare Simulation Center, 4, rue Larrey, 49100 Angers, France 

Corresponding author.
Sous presse. Épreuves corrigées par l'auteur. Disponible en ligne depuis le Friday 22 January 2021

Abstract

Introduction

Simulation in healthcare is a rapidly developing teaching method in the training of technical procedures. It is also used to enable caregivers to learn how to inform patients of serious illness and complex health status. However, its use is not widespread in the field of dermatology. This study investigated the utility of simulation as regards disclosing melanoma diagnosis, taking resident physician satisfaction as a primary endpoint.

Materials and methods

Fifteen dermatology residents were recruited as trainees. Four scenarios were allocated based on length of residency. An introductory briefing was held prior to the training sessions. Debriefing took place on completion of the diagnosis disclosure consultation. The participants completed questionnaires after the simulation session, after debriefing, and 3 months after the simulation session. The primary endpoint was usefulness of the session felt by trainees several months after the simulation.

Results

The majority of participants (93.3%) thought the session helped with stress management, improved their attitude and control over their reaction (86.6%), and improved their communication skills (100%). They rated the usefulness of the simulation at 7.79/10 on average (range: 5–10).

Discussion

According to our findings the resident physicians involved, particularly those with the least experience, were satisfied with this type of learning technique. Any difficulties encountered by these residents were brought to light and addressed during debriefing.

Conclusion

There would appear to be real benefits to be reaped from simulation, whatever the stage of medical training at which it takes place. Simulation should become an increasingly important part of contemporary pregraduate specialty programs.

Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.

Keywords : Standardized patient simulation, Oncology, Teaching, Melanoma


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