The net clinical benefit of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) in patients presenting acute anterior circulation ischemic stroke with large-vessel occlusion (AIS–LVO) and mild neurological deficit is uncertain.
To investigate efficacy and safety of MT in patients with acute AIS–LVO and mild neurological deficit by evaluating i) the influence of recanalisation on three-month outcome and ii) mortality, symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH) and procedural complications.
We included consecutive patients with acute AIS–LVO and National Institute of Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score<8, treated by MT at Lille University Hospital. Recanalisation was graded according to modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction (mTICI) score, mTICI 2b/2c/3 being considered successful. We recorded procedural complications and classified intra-cerebral hemorrhages (ICH) and sICH according with European Cooperative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS) and ECASS2 criteria. Three-month outcome was evaluated by modified Rankin scale (mRS). Excellent and favourable outcomes were respectively defined as mRS 0–1 and 0–2 (or similar to pre-stroke).
We included 95 patients. At three months, 56 patients (59. 0%) achieved an excellent outcome and 69 (72, 6%) a favourable outcome, both being more frequent in patients with successful recanalisation than in patients without (excellent outcome 71, 1% versus 10, 5%, P<0.001 and favourable outcome 82.9% versus 31.6%, P<0.001). The difference remained unchanged after adjustment for age and pre-MT infarct volume. Similar results were observed in patients with pre-MT NIHSS ≤5. Death occurred in five patients (5.3%), procedural complications in 12 (12.6%), any ICH in 38 (40.0%), including 3 (3.2%) sICH.
Achieving successful recanalisation appears beneficial and safe in acute AIS–LVO patients with NIHSS<8 before MT.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.