The diagnosis of exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO) should be suspected when exercise triggers inspiratory stridor. EILO is common in adolescent populations and has a significant impact on sports. Identification of laryngeal obstruction during continuous laryngoscopy during exercise (CLE) is the gold standard diagnostic tool for this disorder, which is not widely known in France. The challenge faced by otolaryngologists is to identify, among patients referred by pulmonologists or sports physicians, those with exercise-induced inspiratory symptoms or poorly controlled exercise-induced asthma, in whom a diagnosis of EILO is strongly suspected. Laryngoscopy at rest may reveal a laryngeal, glottic or supraglottic abnormality predictive of obstruction at increased inspiratory airflow. When pulmonary function tests are normal or in the case of failure of treatment of exercise-induced asthma, the otolaryngologist must complete the examination by a CLE test to confirm the diagnosis of EILO and identify the site of obstruction. This examination is well tolerated, minimally invasive and allows identification of the site of airflow obstruction, allowing specific conservative or surgical treatment. This technical note describes in detail clinical examination and CLE testing in patients with suspected EILO.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Exercise-induced inspiratory symptoms, Exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction, Exercise-induced asthma, Laryngoscopy, Continuous laryngoscopy during exercise