The aims of this retrospective study were, first to evaluate the distance between the root apices of the upper first molars and the palatal plane (PP), and second to determine the validity (accuracy) of the use of cephalometric radiographs or panoramic X-rays compared to cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in determining this distance.
Material and methods
The distance was calculated from the root apices of the first molars to PP, on the cephalometric radiographs of 204 subjects and then 57 measurements were compared to those obtained on panoramic X-rays and CBCT images, in order to find a statistically significant difference according to age, sex, side, vertical and sagittal skeletal patterns, and to determine if 2D radiographs are suitable for this task.
The distance increased significantly in subjects after 20 years of age and in hyperdivergent patients, but was not influenced by sex, side or anteroposterior position of the mandible. No statistical significance was found between the calculated measurements on cephalometric and CBCT radiographs, but both were different from those taken on panoramic X-rays.
Cephalometric radiographs are reliable in the assessment of the distance between the roots of the upper molars and the PP. In hyperdivergent and adult patients, posterior teeth have enough space between their roots and the upper limit of the hard palate to undergo intrusion mechanics using miniscrews, but care must be taken while planning and managing these movements in order to minimize the unwanted side effects.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Upper first molars, Palatal plane, Cephalometrics, Skeletal divergence.