Blood supply remains one of the obstacles to large bone tissue engineering. This study aimed to generate vascularized bone tissue by inducing axial vascularization into a construct combining natural coral scaffold and a bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) sheet.
Material and methods
Isolated BMSCs were cultured to form an osteogenic cell sheet using a continuous culture method. Natural coral scaffolds were prepared into customized shape with a cylinder of 20 mm length, 8 mm in outer diameter and 5 mm in inner diameter. Then, the freed superficial inferior epigastric vessel of rabbits was first wrapped with a cell sheet, and then inserted into the central passage of the scaffold, after being wrapped with another cell sheet, the complexes were implanted subcutaneously into a rabbit groin area. In contrast, the sheet-scaffold construct that implanted into groin subcutaneous area of the other side of the same rabbit with the distal end of the blood vessel was ligated, which was considered as control. New bone and vascularization formation were evaluated at 12 weeks postoperatively.
The volume of new bone formation and amount of capillary infiltration in the vascular circulation group were significantly greater than that in the vascular ligation group, which suggested that insertion of axial vessels could significantly promote angiogenesis and osteogenesis of the tissue-engineered bone.
These findings indicate that inserting an arteriovenous bundle into the constructs of mesenchymal stem cell sheet and coral has great potential for clinical applications to repair large bone defects.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Abbreviations : BMSCs, BTE, ECM, DMEM/F12, FBS, H&E, SEM, MPTC, SD, BMP-2, COL I, OCN, OPN, CT
Keywords : Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells, Cell sheet, Vascularization, Coral scaffold, Bone tissue engineering