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The presence of TERTp mutation in meningioma has shown to be associated with worse prognosis.
Conventional imaging features showed no significant predictive abililty of TERTp mutation status in grade 2 meningioma.
Older age and lower ADC 10th percentile were indenpendent variables for predicting TERTp mutation status in grade 2 meningiomas.
Background and purpose
Increasing evidence suggests that genomic and molecular markers need to be integrated in grading of meningioma. Telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter (TERTp) mutation is receiving attention due to its clinical relevance in the treatment of meningiomas. The predictive ability of conventional and diffusion MRI parameters for determining the TERTp mutation status in grade II meningiomas has yet been identified.
Material and methods
In this study, 63 patients with surgically confirmed grade II meningiomas (56 TERTp wildtype, 7 TERTp mutant) were included. Conventional imaging features were qualitatively assessed. The maximum diameter, volume of the tumors and histogram parameters from the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) were assessed. Independent clinical and imaging risk factors for TERTp mutation were investigated using multivariable logistic regression. The discriminative value of the prediction models with and without imaging features was evaluated.
In the univariable regression, older age (odds ratio [OR] = 1.13, P = 0.005), larger maximum diameter (OR = 1.09, P = 0.023), larger volume (OR = 1.04, P = 0.014), lower mean ADC (OR = 0.02, P = 0.025), and lower ADC 10th percentile (OR = 0.01, P = 0.014) were predictors of TERTp mutation. In multivariable regression, age (OR = 1.13, P = 0.009) and ADC 10th percentile (OR = 0.01, P = 0.038) were independent predictors of variables for predicting the TERTp mutation status. The performance of the prediction model increased upon inclusion of imaging parameters (area under the curves of 0.86 and 0.91, respectively, without and with imaging parameters).
Older age and lower ADC 10th percentile may be useful parameters to predict TERTp mutation in grade II meningiomas.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Abbreviations : ADC, CI, DWI, IDI, NRI, OR, ROC, ROI, TERTp, VIF, WHO
Keywords : Diffusion weighted imaging, Magnetic resonance imaging, Meningioma, Radiogenomics, Telomerase reverse transcriptase promoter gene