Lung cancer and atherosclerosis share common risk factors. Literature data suggest that the prevalence of lung malignancy in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is higher than in the general population. Our goal was to determine, through a systematic literature review, the prevalence of lung cancer in patients with PAD.
We consulted available publications in the Cochrane library, MEDLINE, PUBMED, EMBASE, and ClinicalTrials.gov. We included all articles, written in English or French, published between 1990 and 2020 reporting the prevalence of lung cancer in patients with PAD (atherosclerotic aortic aneurysm or peripheral occlusive diseases). Patients with coronary artery disease, cardiac valvulopathy or carotid stenosis were not included. We did not include case reports. We performed a critical analysis of each article. Data were collected from two independent readers. A fixed effect model meta-analysis allowed to estimate a summary prevalence rate.
We identified 303 articles, and selected 19 articles according to selection criteria. A total of 16849 patients were included (mean age 68.3 years, 75.1% of males). Aortic aneurysms were found in 29% of patients and atherosclerotic occlusive disease in 66% of patients. Lung cancer was identified in 538 patients, representing a prevalence of 3%.
Lung cancer is found in 3% of patients with atherosclerotic PAD. This prevalence is higher than that found in lung cancer screening programs performed in the general population of smokers and former smokers. These patients should be screened for lung cancer. Their selection may dramatically increase the benefit of lung cancer screening.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Keywords : Lung Neoplasms, Arterial Occlusive Diseases, Aortic Diseases, Meta-analysis, Prevalence
Abbreviations : AA, Adenoca, AOD, AFB, CTA, CT, MRI, NA, NC, NSCLC, PAD, PET-CT scan, Prospec, Retro, SCLC, Squamous