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We examine in-vitro factors related to microcatheter passage using the trans-cell approach with an LVIS.
A large cell width of the LVIS deployed in the aneurysm neck facilitates good passability.
An obtuse angle between the trans-cell surface and microcatheter direction facilitates good passability.
Microcatheter with a small ledge and small tip has a relatively high passability rate.
Background and purpose
The trans-cell approach using a low-profile visualized intraluminal support (LVIS) device is sometimes used for aneurysm coil embolization. However, factors related to microcatheter passage remain uninvestigated. We aimed to examine in-vitro factors related to microcatheter passage using the trans-cell approach with an LVIS.
Silicone vessel models (inner diameter, 4 mm) were created with different bend segments and a 4-mm hole assuming an aneurysm neck on the side of the greater curvature. The LVIS Blue (4.5 × 32 mm) was deployed at the bend segment, and passability on the trans-cell surface was evaluated by passing the microcatheter along the micro guidewire. A total of 800 passage experiments were performed using two types of microcatheter, ten types of silicone vessel, four cell widths, five cells with the same LVIS device, and two micro guidewire directions in the aneurysm.
The Headway Duo microcatheter (35.5%, 142/400) tended to have better passability compared with the Headway 17 microcatheter (29.3%, 117/400) (p = 0.070). As the cell width and angle between the trans-cell surface and microcatheter direction increased, passability significantly increased (p = 0.027 and p < 0.001, respectively). There was no significant difference in passability when the micro guidewire was directed to the proximal side versus the distal side (p = 0.45).
A large cell width and an obtuse angle between the trans-cell surface and microcatheter direction facilitated good passability. Although statistically marginal, microcatheters with small ledges and small tips had relatively good passability.Le texte complet de cet article est disponible en PDF.
Abbreviation : LVIS
Keywords : Aneurysm, LVIS, Microcatheter, Trans-cell